How should we study Christopher Columbus for kids? Did Columbus discover America? What is Christopher Columbus famous for? What is celebrated on Christopher Columbus Day? Let’s take a closer look at Christopher Columbus facts for kids including 23 lessons and activities perfect for Christopher Columbus high school studies all the way down to elementary school.
Christopher Columbus for Kids
In fourteen hundred ninety-two Columbus sailed the ocean blue. He had three ships and left from Spain; He sailed through sunshine, wind and rain.
It’s the poem I learned in school about who “discovered” America.
And, chances are, it is probably some form of the poem or one of the songs about Columbus Day that you learned too, right?
However, it might not exactly be…true.
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So, how do you teach Christopher Columbus for kids?
You Need to First Start with Columbus Controversies
The fact that Columbus probably didn’t even discover America isn’t even the worst part of the Columbus controversies.
According to The History Channel, there are three main controversies linked to Columbus and help explain why some people today do not want to celebrate the life of this explorer or the holiday.
When encountering the indigenous people (that he named “Indians”) of the “New World”:
1. Columbus wasn’t nice.
He reportedly used much violence and torture in his explorations.
He also made indigenous people slaves.
History.com reports that on one expedition:
Columbus sent thousands of peaceful Taino ‘Indians’ from the island of Hispaniola to Spain to be sold.
Many died en route.
Those left behind were forced to search for gold in mines and on plantations.
Within 60 years after Columbus landed, only a few hundred of what may have been 250,000 Taino were left on their island.
2. Columbus brought disease from to the new world.
Columbus and his crew introduced new diseases into the land that had longterm negative effects on the Native people and the land.
Some of the diseases included small pox and the influenza.
3. Columbus forced Natives to his belief system.
It is reported that Columbus completely disregarded Native belief systems and instead forced the Natives to worship Christianity.
Whew. That’s a lot.
Before we go any further, let’s take a closer look at the explorer . . .
Christopher Columbus Facts
Christopher Columbus Biography for Children: Famous Explorers Video
Christopher Columbus was born . . .
Columbus was born in Genoa, Italy
Christopher Columbus was from . . .
Was Christopher Columbus Italian?
Was Christopher Columbus Spanish?
Christopher columbus nationality is Italian (since he was born in Italy).
Christopher Columbus Real Name
Since Columbus was born in Italy, his real name was Cristoforo Colombo.
“Christopher Columbus” is the English pronunciation of his name.
How did Christopher Columbus die?
Columbus died in 1506 in Spain.
It is reported that he was in very poor health and thought to have died of heart issues.
Christopher Columbus Voyages
Columbus had many voyages that started when he was just a teenager.
Christopher Columbus set sail on August 3, 1492 when he ended up in the New World.
What were the Christopher Columbus ships?
Christopher Columbus had three ships: the Nina, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria.
Why do we celebrate Columbus Day?
So, why do we even celebrate Columbus Day if there’s a swirl of controversy around him and the Christopher Columbus voyages?
Columbus Day is celebrated in early October to acknowledge that the landing of Christopher Columbus happened in the New World on October 12, 1492 (where “New World” actually means The Bahamas).
And, even though he may be controversial, Biography.com says:
“At the age of 41, [Columbus] defied naysayers across Europe and led four voyages across an uncharted ocean in wooden sailing ships that were not designed to take on the punishing waters of the Atlantic.”
Even with that, some people prefer to refer to Columbus Day as “Explorers’ Day” or “Discoverers’ Day” and discuss multiple explorers during this time.
Italian-American Heritage Day
However, some other people use this day to celebrate Italian-American heritage because Columbus was born in Italy.
The day was originally created not just to celebrate the accomplishments of the explorer, but also to honor his heritage and faith, especially Catholicism.
Contrary to popular belief, most educated Europeans in Columbus’ day understood that the world was round, but they did not yet know that the Pacific Ocean existed.
As a result, Columbus and his contemporaries assumed that only the Atlantic lay between Europe and the riches of the East Indies.
Indigenous Peoples’ Day
Some people choose to ignore the popular “Columbus Day” designation and instead celebrate the indigenous people that were in America.
Today, there is a movement for this day to replace the “Columbus Day” name in order to educate people on the genocide, oppression, and historical truths (and mistruths) about Native communities.
Other areas have different celebrations for the day called Columbus Day. According to History.com:
In many Latin American nations, the anniversary of Columbus’ landing has traditionally been observed as the Dìa de la Raza (“Day of the Race”), a celebration of Hispanic culture’s diverse roots.
In 2002, Venezuela renamed the holiday Dìa de la Resistencia Indìgena (“Day of Indigenous Resistance”) to recognize native peoples and their experience.
Several U.S. cities and states have replaced Columbus Day with alternative days of remembrance; examples include Berkeley’s Indigenous Peoples Day, South Dakota’s Native American Day and Hawaii’s Discoverer’s Day, which commemorates the arrival of Polynesian settlers.
Columbus Day Video
This short video explains some of the controversies surrounding the Columbus Day holiday.
Teaching Christopher Columbus for Kids
No matter your belief system or viewpoints on Columbus, you can’t deny that today there are many controversies surrounding the guy and his explorations.
So, how do you approach Columbus Day during homeschooling or teaching?
Did he discover America?
And, was he a hero to be celebrated?
Or, was he not a nice man who was given credit for something that he didn’t really do (like discover America)?
Or, is it somewhere in between?
What is the Christopher Columbus truth?
The answers to those questions are up to you.
With my homeschooling, I’m a proponent of always presenting all the major sides of a topic and then asking my homeschooler what she thinks.
So, for this upcoming Columbus Day, we’ll be discussing multiple sides — how when I was growing up I learned that Christopher Columbus discovered America.
I will also be presenting to her the controversies that now surround him and having an open discussion about those hard topics.
Great With This Topic:
Columbus Day for Kids : 23 Lesson Plans and Activities
I’ve included a list of lesson plans, activities, and books — enough that you can choose from the list no matter your beliefs and understanding of Columbus.
Just choose what suits you best for homeschooling, but I encourage you to cover multiple sides and engage your homeschoolers in a discussion about it.
• Learn about The Columbus Doors (great for art study, too!)
• Learn About Explorers (not just Columbus)
Children’s Books to Read for Columbus Day
[FEATURE IMAGE: By L. Prang & Co., Boston [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons]